1800 200 300

About MGNREGA

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is a national Act enacted by the Parliament of India on August 2005 to provide hundred days of employment in a year to rural households who demand it and are willing to do unskilled manual labour. It seeks to strengthen their livelihood base Permissible works chiefly relate to natural resource management. Detailed information is at http://mgnrega.nic.in.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is a national Act enacted by the Parliament of India on August 2005 to provide hundred days of employment in a year to rural households who demand it and are willing to do unskilled manual labour. It seeks to strengthen their livelihood base Permissible works chiefly relate to natural resource management. Detailed information is at http://mgnrega.nic.in.


A Socially Inclusive Act

Various provisions under MGNREGA aim to ensure that women have equitable access to work, equal wages and representation on decision-making bodies. Some of these are-at least 33 per cent women participation, equal wages for men and women, worksite facilities etc. It is these special gender sensitive features of the Act that have ensured close to 50 per cent women work participation annually. MGNREGA’s provision to provide work within 5 kilometers of home has encouraged women, who are constrained by their responsibilities at home and unable to venture far, to work. It is these special gender sensitive features of the Act that have ensured close to 50 per cent women work participation annually.

MGNREGA employment trends also validate the hypothesis that it is the neediest who seek employment under the Scheme. The Ministry of Rural Development has at its end encouraged this by widening the ambit of works that can be taken up under MGNREGA to include lands of SC/STs, BPL etc.

There are several studies conducted by leading national agencies that prove the point.


Livelihood Resources through NRM Works

A key focus area of MGNREGS is to implement works that creates durable assets to augment land and water resources and generate ecosystem services that strengthen the livelihood resource base of rural communities. However notwithstanding, the emphasis on NRM under the MGNREGA, several factors impede the realisation of their full benefits.

NRM structures themselves are vulnerable to climate shocks. Due to increasing drought severity, for example, water levels in dug wells is reducing significantly and farm ponds are drying up much faster. In general, the NRM works are not designed for changing climate conditions and may not provide adequate protection from them. Agro-climatic factors are not necessarily the basis for planning and designing MGNREGA works and climate resilience does not currently guide the preparation of the shelf of works or the labour budget.